Archive for July 2012
AD DS running on Windows Azure Virtual Machines (Infrastructure As A Service) is like running an on premise domain controller at the end of VPN link in a Microsoft data centre; see also Guidelines for Deploying Windows Server Active Directory on Windows Azure Virtual Machines.
To quote from that presentation:
What is Windows Azure Active Directory then?
- A Microsoft cloud service that provides identity and access capabilities for applications on Windows Azure and Microsoft Office 365
- A multi-tenant cloud service on which Microsoft Office 365 relies on for its identity infrastructure
- An Identity service that provides identity management and access control capabilities for your cloud applications
- Allows you to extend your existing on-premises Active Directory authentication to your cloud applications
So more like Identity As A Service. The availability of the preview for Windows Azure Active Directory is announced here and the motivations are discussed here with an overview here and a deep-dive here . The associated Windows Azure Authentication Library was announced here with a deep-dive here.
UPDATE: Episode 85 of the Windows Azure Cloud Cover Show covers Windows Azure Active Directory; if you are an IT Pro rather than a developer the first 30 minutes are probably most relevant where you will hear about and see the Graph (RESTful, ODATA based) API that is being used instead of LDAP. Another use case for Windows Azure Active Directory that is given is as a directory for online only companies not wanting to have the infrastructure cost of an on premise (they have no on-premise) directory.
UPDATE: Build 2012 session on Windows Azure Active Directory: enabling single sign on and directory services for cloud SaaS apps
In Windows Server 2012 Microsoft have introduced data deduplication, a screencast covering the feature is here and full TechNet information including planning and deployment is here .There’s a technical presentation and research paper from a USENIX conference on the studies carried out by Microsoft Research here.
An interesting post on WindowsAzure Storage, which includes links to USENIX and SOSP conference papers on the underlying technology; the SOSP presentation on the internals of Windows Azure Storage is very interesting. See also Exploring Windows Azure Drives, Disks, and Images for how this is surfaced in Windows Azure Virtual Machines and Drives.
The RTM of Windows Server 2012 is imminent, here’s some background reading.
Early reflections on Windows Server 2012 (Was: “Offloaded Data Transfer (ODX) in Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012”)
I have always felt a little disappointed by the “SANs” that I have encountered, possibly because I have never gotten to use a top of the range product but also because those that I have encountered seem unable to avoid accumulating data from standard applications like file and print. It often seems that once you have spent a big chunk of money on a centralised storage system it becomes inevitable that all storage moves there due to the reluctance to buy any more direct attached storage and “ease of management” and “integration with backup”. However JBODs just keep falling in price; my experience (just mine no general reflection intended here) with Exchange had the following storage profile:
Exchange 5 /Exchange 2000 – DAS array
Exchange 2003 combined roles – SAN based : split database and logs, performance hampered by not being able to afford enough spindles, surprisingly unlucky with 1018 corruptions
Exchange 2007 clustered mailbox roles – DAS array : storage group best practice for LUN allocation etc, just worked but ESE improvements (single bit error correction) make comparison with my Exchange 2003 on SAN experience difficult. Mailboxes became very large due to business needs this started hurting performance.
Exchange 2010 combined roles – DAS : DAG, the application handles the replication/availability. Excellent support for large mailboxes.
The reason for writing about this, which has nothing to do with Exchange, is that watching recent TechEd presentations on Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012 I saw some of the demos on Offloaded Data Transfer (ODX) and I guess this is the sort of heavy-lifting handoff that I always hoped for when having paid for a storage array. For the detail see:
I wanted to give this feature a dedicated post as, in a way, for me it is singular in that it relates to a “high end” hardware capability whereas, as I learn more about Windows Server 2012 the truly remarkable thing to me is amount of IT infrastructure capability it delivers as standard, in the areas of storage and filesystem alone any vendor delivering just those components as present in Windows Server 2012 would be a major player. Microsoft server releases since Windows 2000 have felt to me like continuous evolution; Windows Server 2012 feels like punctuated evolution, a step change brought about it seems from Microsoft’s learning from the demands of running infrastructure at large scale with virtualization as an integrated part of that. As Novell and a need for scalability were a spur that drove innovation in Windows Server 2000, so VMware in the enterprise and Amazon AWS in the cloud, and again the need for scalability, seem to be a spur to Windows Server 2012.